What is Coronavirus (CV)?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause a variety of illnesses ranging from common cold symptoms to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and in some cases even death. CV is a zoonotic virus; this means it is transferred between animals and humans. The virus can therefore spread in areas with high populations or areas that have close contact with livestock (WHO.int, 2020).
CV is an enveloped single stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus. In 2015, 15-30% of proven viral infections were caused by coronaviruses globally (Chilvers et al., 2001). There are six main types of coronavirus (2 x α-coronaviruses/2 x β-viruses/SARS-CV/MERS-CV) that are able to infect humans (Medical News Today, 2020). Infections from these viruses can be especially dangerous to immunocompromised individuals (Fehr and Perlman, 2015).
Prevention of spread of Coronavirus.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) states the best methods to prevent the spread of CV are:
- Ensure adequate infection prevention measures are in place
- Adhere to good hand hygiene practices
- Avoid individuals with flu like symptoms
- Ensure meat and eggs are thoroughly cooked
- Avoid unprotected contact with livestock and wild animals
Tristel chlorine dioxide products offer a full spectrum of efficacy including efficacy against all viral strains. Tristel Trio Wipes System, Duo, Fuse for Stella, Fuse for Surfaces and Jet have been tested according to European regulatory standard EN 14476 for viricidal efficacy. Activity against test viruses Poliovirus Type 1, Adenovirus Type 5 and Murine norovirus confirms the efficacy of Tristel disinfectants against all viral strains, including coronaviruses.
In addition, although Distel has not been tested for full viricidal activity it has been tested directly against Coronavirus and is effective at a concentration of 1:100 in a contact time of 30 mins.